Also, Field Theories in Word:http://rbduncan.com/fieldtheory.doc
& Field Theories in Adobe pdf:http://rbduncan.com/fieldtheory.pdfFitzpatrick's 1966 book showed the relative motion laws of A. Ampčre unified the forces.
This was the way the site --below-- looked many (more than 12) years ago. - - Dan Fitz.
The T.O.E. that eluded Einstein . . . Fitzpatrick's Theory of Everything
Down to Earth stories
to stimulate your imagination
Type latitude & longitude in this Excel software (below) & get a precise sundial for any spot on earth.
Gravity Probe B is now in orbit to determine what John Wheeler calls " Gravitomagnetism" . . A new force? . Einstein said it should be simple. . Believe it or not it is simple if you look at it the way Ampere did. . I'll give you a much better way to understand what is really going on in this universe. . But you will have to bear with me over a few rough stepping stones.
Want a simple picture of how this complicated universe is working?
Absolutely nothing gives you a better model than Ampere's laws, that portray it all as one type of force instead of various different forces.
How "frame draging" or "gravitomagnetism", that will be measured by Gravity Probe B, is best looked at using Ampere's concept that merges general relativity with string theory by seeing it as one type of force.
view of this universe
a Theory of Everything internet paper that gives you a far simpler way to understand this complicated universe.
a prelude to Charles Scott's FREE epic Astronomy e-book
Einstein's search for a Unified Field Theory
It's been over 50 years now since Einstein's search for his Unified Field Concept. . It's been over two centuries since Faraday tried to unify magnetism and gravity. . Magnetism and gravity were the only two fundamental invisible forces known in Faraday's time. . Next came the weak force and evidence of the strong force, which Einstein knew about. . Einstein took it upon himself to try to unify the invisible, fundamental forces but he failed.
I will give you a model of this universe that will show it all as one force.The big worry that we have with renormalization in QED is sending us a crystal clear message that we are seeing it as different spacetime realms. . That we use gauge invariance is another verification and the straw that broke the camel's back comes after we closely investigate what Feynman and his associates received the Nobel prize for. Feynman lectures
If you listen to these Feynman lectures then you can see that what is taking place in QED by squaring the amplitude (a complex number) is that they are merely matching an electron phase pattern that exists through spacetime (along the path of the spacetime interval).
I can only assume, therefore, that we are like a superheterodyne radio and all these quark-electron frequencies are mixing---as in the radio---to produce this wonderful 3D + time movie frame world for us.
If we see each different frequency spin/orbit system as having adifferent spacetime realm then each of these also must have a distinctly different "spacetme interval"."spacetime interval"???
. Quite a few of today's scientists are still not aware of limiting the spacetime realm frequency range if accuracy is required while quantum scientists, since Feynman's elucidation, are very aware offixing the gauge, thus limiting the frequency range involved, before they even make an attempt to quantify.
Fizpatrick's11th law is: "The more accuracy you want, the more you must narrow the range of frequencies involved. . Also, the greater the frequency range you view, the less accuracy you will have (with present math)."
The other part of Heisenberg's uncertainty stems from the fact that momentum is derived from the spacetime realm of the quark while position is derived from the spacetime realm of the electron. . I hope you will see the reasoning involved as you read this.Both quantum and string theories have taught us this is primarily a frequency-resonance universe.
QED (Quantum Electro Dynamics) deals with probabilities, yet it is able to predict with the highest accuracy of any theory. . If you keep reading then you will see exactly WHY that is so.
The way QED accomplishes this is that it uses a novel method called "squaring the amplitude" to effectively approximate the in phase - out of phase patterns of electrons that exist along the "spacetime interval" (in the path through both space and time).
I am going to give you a visual model of how I see this universe. . You may not like this model. . You may not even believe in this model. . Yet this model does show why QED and the other sciences work as well as they do.
The way it all works is similar to the way you hear radio programs on your radio. . The superheterodyne circuitry in your radio mixes together frequencies that you cannot hear. . This gives you frequencies that you can hear.
Since you are built of quarks and electrons then guess what happens when all those spin/orbital/precession frequencies are mixed?
It results in a "spacetime interval" phase pattern of frequencies that you will see as Euclidean space, time and even motion for everything constructed of quarks and electrons, which includes you. . This is suggested---but not absolutely proven---by Young's experiment. . This phase pattern provides you with space that will stay Euclidean as long as you don't get too massive or exceed .01% of your available speeds.
QED shows you that energy is constructed in quanta. . Now I am going to show you a visual picture of how this electron phase pattern produces space and time that are constructed in quanta as well.Keeping frequencies in mind, the next paragraph is of vital importance:
In both special and general relativity the "spacetime interval" remains invariant. .But the parameters that it remains invariant in are not a greater frequency range than one spin/orbit frequency system. . And this, folks, makes it a whole new science ball game.
Ampere's relative motion concept shows you the difference in force between magnetism and charge is one of relative motion.
A magnetic force is always derived from the spin of electrons that are “locked” into a certain position on orbitals.
Charge is always derived from “free” electrons or “free” ions.
Our science laws, along with their necessary math, are strictly limited to a narrow frequency range of parameters. . I saw the limits to our precious science laws that day: Isn't this why Gravity Probe B is up there to check "frame dragging" or "Gravitomagnetism"? In my bookFitzpatrick's First Book FREE, . I mentioned that I had discovered a few more dinosaur bones. . At that time I had not fully understood the important role frequency was to play in all of this, nor had I read what Kurt Gödel had said. I have a high regard for Einstein and especially for his general theory of relativity. . I hope that the FREE e-books on this web page will show you approximately how that all works. . I will not go into any of the tensor math of Einstein's though. . You can get all of it, that you want, by searching
I saw that those electrons in the cathode ray tube were being attracted to the coil for the very same reason that I was being attracted to the earth.
We were both moving on parallel geodesics.
Wasn't this Ampere's Universal Particle/Motion Law?
Even Feynman saw the importance of motion. . Read what he says in his famous QED.
You must look at surroundings (Mach's principle) and parallel paths along with "geodesic balance paths" and present science totally fails in this respect.
I realized that Ampere had done, in the early 1800s, what Einstein had sought to do and neither Einstein nor anyone else, for that matter, had caught on to it.
I realized, as I held that RCA Indicator, that both gravity and magnetism were nothing more than similar effects of relative motion, which is the fruition of Ampere's concept and at the same time these are also distortions of spacetime, which was Einstein's concept.
I realized that day: Ampere had discovered, in the 1800s, an essential part of what Einstein was looking for a hundred years later.
The year that I held that RCA indicator in my hands was 1966. . I wrote a small 64 page book about what I had discovered and there was a full page about it on page 29 of the June 18, 1967 Sunday, New York Times Book Review section.
From Lincoln Barnett, who wrote the best seller "The Universe and Dr. Einstein", I got a letter of approval and from scientist Robert Dicke I got blasted. . Only years later did I finally see Dicke's error and why I was indeed right and why Dicke was very, very wrong.
Einstein had said, while working on his Unified Field Theory, that looking for this unified field concept was like trying to imagine what a dinosaur looked like after finding only one of its bones.
Einstein was looking for a simple answer
And the answer is simple too. . Ampere showed us how spacetime essentially works. . But Ampere wasn't thinking about spacetime because he hadn't any idea way back then that space and time were essentially one thing. . It took Minkowsky---one of Einstein's teachers---to realize this after he saw what Einstein had come up with.
Isn't this why Gravity Probe B is up there to check "frame dragging" or "Gravitomagnetism"?The paths of not only planets, but everything orbiting, must now be seen as a "geodesic balance path" where the attraction to the central entity being orbited is equal to the attraction to the surroundings. . And now you can also see the reason for spins and the angular inclination of the spin axis.
In my bookFitzpatrick's First Book FREE, . I mentioned that I had discovered a few more dinosaur bones. . At that time I had not fully understood the important role frequency was to play in all of this, nor had I read what Kurt Gödel had said.
I have a high regard for Einstein and especially for his general theory of relativity. . I hope that the FREE e-books on this web page will show you approximately how that all works. . I will not go into any of the tensor math of Einstein's though. . You can get all of it, that you want, by searchingGoogle. .
Here's essentially what I'm trying to put forth: . You must see, what Yale University teaches its astronomy students, that the speed of gravity has to be far, far faster than the speed of light for a stable universe. . Thus the speed of light and gravity are NOT the same.
GravityIS an acceleration because there is no such speed of 9 x 1016 meters per second here in our spacetime realm. . This speed of gravity, stated by Yale and proven by Van Flandern as being far faster than the speed of light, can only exist in the spacetime realm of the quarks. . This is too fast a velocity for a speed in our spacetime realm so even though it can be noted here, as it has by Yale and Van Flandern, . it can only be measured directly as an acceleration here.
Read the FREE e-books on this web page for more about all this.You know---at least the intelligent ones know---that we do have general relativity and we do have quantum theory and string theory. . These are all giving you hidden road signs as to the answer that Einstein was trying to find.
Now we have one more very important ingredient added to the stew and that is the finding ofSaul Perlmutter that this expansion of our universe is accelerating. . Others have also proven this, so this must indeed be true. So if you have a universe where the speed of light is a constant and we have general relativity and quantum theory and an accelerating, expanding universe to boot then what in god's name could be simple about it?
Gravity Probe B will show us that we must look at gravity differently. . We will have to add the spin factor that causes what present science terms "frame dragging" or "Gravitomagnetism".
But this doesn't complicate things. . It actually simplifies it providing you look at it the way Ampere did using relative motion.If Einstein's principle of equivalence applies to gravity then it must also continue to apply even if gravity is found to be a bipolar force.
So the first simplification comes from Einstein's principle of equivalence: . It istelling you, something that everyone except Saul Perlmutter and Dr. Milo Wolff eeem to be missing now, that you cannot discern the effects of an accelerating, expansion from Einstein's original cosmological constant repulsive force.
But which one is it?
Do we have an accelerating, expansion or Einstein's repulsive force between all the stars and galaxies, holding them apart?
You can figure it out by simple deduction.
Yes, theCMBR proves we had a Big Bang but is it still expanding now?
Maybe but maybe not. . This WAS the situation that we were in for over half a century until Saul Perlmutter's group studied the supernovas.
Perlmutter's group found this expansion seems to be accelerating and since then this has been proven by others.
Thank God for Perlmutter.
Because now we know which one to choose from.
It's the one Perlmutter himself chose.
He chose Einstein's repulsive force between everything.
Because even though Saul Perlmutter discovered this acceleration, he also knew it could not be discerned from Einstein's original cosmological constant. . Therefore he knew and published that this repulsive force equal and opposite to gravity---first predicted by Einstein---exists between every star, galaxy and supercluster keeping them apart exactly like things in the microcosm are kept apart.
A Big Bang could leave us with an expansion but there is no possible way it could leave us with an accelerating, expansion. . There would need to be a present force there to continue to accelerate and the Big Bang force was a past force.
So what Perlmutter has shown us is that gravity can no longer be seen as a monopole force.
Gravity must now be seen as a bipolar force exactly like the other bipolar forces
That's why I said "Thank God for Perlmutter." . He put a few drops of science into a barrel full of ignoranance.
It will take time for those few drops of science to completely sterilize the barrel of ignorance but it eventually will. . It took the universities of the world about thirty years before they all admitted Newton was right.Perlmutter proved this is gravity's equal and opposite force out there between everything keeping them apart, so this makes gravity a bipolar force. .
See:Expanding Universe Religion
Einstein's principle of equivalence is telling you that you cannot tell the difference between an accelerating, expansion and Einstein's original cosmological constant.
Einstein's original cosmological constant was a repulsive force between the stars and galaxies keeping everything apart exactly like it does in the microcosm.
Scientific reasoning now tells you the accelerating, expansion is only a popular delusion of present science.
Einstein's repulsive force is what is really there.
The choice is clear. You must do what Saul Perlmutter did and pick Einstein's repulsive force between everything.
Not only is all this---thanks to Saul Perlmutter---greatly simplified now but the construction principles of this entire universe are also quite simple: . They are all obeying nothing butAmpere's Laws.
This entire universe cares little for our present science. It only obeys its simpleAufbau Laws
Gravity has no aberration yet light does,showing us that Yale University and Van Flandern are correct telling us gravitational attraction and light travel at different speeds. . This is sending an important message to you to do some different type thinking. It's hard to believe that Newton was closer to estimating the speed of gravity than Einstein, but he was. . Newton thought gravity acted instantly which is closer to its true speed of 9 x 1016 meters per second than 3 x 108 meters per second or the speed of light that Einstein thought it acted at.
What scientists presently see, as the speed of light is something entirelydifferent. . It's something no one except Dr. Milo Wolff . has thought of: . It is really our spacetime frame rate. . It's a scalar resonance rate. . It's the movie picture frame rate that the electrons, that you are made of, are rebuilding themselves and you.
If you go to the movies then these were actually produced using 16 individual pictures or frames every second for silent films and 24 frames every second for sound films, which you see one at a time but which your mind sees as really happening. . I'm afraid it's the same in real life. You have these spacetime frames here as well. . But here these arescalar resonance frames. . You will consider, as solid, anything that has a similar frequency scalar resonance or a harmonic thereof. . The entities in our microcosm have higher scalar harmonics thereof and the entities in our macrocosm (galaxies) have lower scalar harmonics thereof.
You can detect transverse waves like light, radio and water waves that travel mainly in one plane but you cannot detect ascalar wave because it is 3D like the multiple skins of an onion. . Instead of seeing individual scalar waves, you see the complete 3D onion that they make. . Every object you see is a scalar wave entity.
I'm not going to go into all the whys and wherefores but if you want to build a universe with relativity, quantum mechanics and all those things previously mentioned then all you have to do is have time being produced for you by BOTH the quark and the electron. . All you need is for your electrons to have ascalar resonance frequency that is exactly the square root of the quark scalar resonance frequency. . You will then see exactly Why E = mc2.
You will have to read a bit aboutDr. Milo Wolff to understand the importance of the scalar resonance frequency of the electron. Each distinct frequency spin/orbit system has its own spacetime realm and its own distinct spacetime interval, which is only good in that particular spacetime realm.
*The 1st. "A" Law
The spacetime interval is created the LEAST between any two objects (scalar wave resonances), the closest sides of which "see" themselves spinning or moving on parallel paths in the same direction at the same frequency or a close harmonic thereof. . You can also say these two objects will attract each other.
*The 2nd. "A" Law
Both space and time (spacetime interval) are created the MOST between any two objects (scalar wave resonances), the closest sides of which "see" themselves spinning or moving on parallel paths in opposite directions at the same frequency or a close harmonic thereof. . You can also say these two objects will repel each other.
Of great importance, in the two preceding laws, is that these laws arefrequency laws and they work separately for each separate spin/orbit-frequency level which means these individual wave-particles must "see" themselves doing these things from their viewpoint in their local gauge environment. . It does not matter how some other spin/orbit-frequency level views these things because space and time and indeed the average spacetime interval is entirely different for each different spin/orbit-frequency level.
These two laws look equal and opposite but they are not: . The 1st "A" law "locks on" while its opposite 2nd sister law never does. . This is because the total force is generally centralized and you can feel this 1st "A" law "lock on" when two magnets come together. . These two laws---along with "angular lock on" that you need to read about in my book---result in limits of aggregation being established all throughout this universe. . This is why there are limits to the size of atoms and limits to the size of stars as well. . It also results in all these spin/orbital attractive bindings being quantified and their distances ultimately limited even though these distances may be extensive.
These individual quantum attractions are all full strength right up to the limit of their distance. . This is the reason that energy can neither be created nor destroyed. (A quantum of energy comes to your eye from a distant star full strength. No energy is lost in that vast distance.) . It is only the number of these attractions that falls off with the square of the distance. . It is the spin binding of the electron that causes magnetism and the spin binding of the quark with other nearby quarks that give us gravity. . The quark to quark binding with those in the stars gives us inertial mass and gyroscopic inertia (Mach's principle) and none of the individual quantum parts of these attractions are diminished with that vast distance.
*The Aufbau or Ampere Corollary
The aforementioned forces, or spacetime intervals, between two objects (scalar wave resonances) will vary proportionally with the cosine of the angle of their paths and they will have a torque that will tend to make the paths parallel and to become oriented so that objects on both paths will be traveling in the same direction.
All objects (scalar wave resonances) that "see" themselves traveling in the same direction on parallel paths at the same frequency will attract and/or space and time, at that frequency, between them diminishes.
All objects (scalar wave resonances) that "see" themselves traveling in opposite directions on parallel paths at the same frequency will repel and/or space and time between them, at that frequency, increases.
The words in green in that corollary are pretty much the way Ampere put it and it is very interesting because it shows us that electrons, stars, galaxies and superclusters ALL act on their close similar neighbors only with either attraction or repulsion exactly like tiny magnets very similar to individual spinning electrons that both bind and repel such as in magnetism and sigma and pi chemical bonding.
Gravity can no longer be considered a monopole force. . It clearly has a bipolar spin component now like magnetism.
So thepositions of all these spinning items are of the utmost importance in relation to each other, which quantum scientists know, but what other scientists absolutely miss. . This spin frequency component of Ampere's law pertains importantly also to stars, galaxies and superclusters. . But, of course, these are in slower acting spacetime realms than electrons.
Thus: the same"A" laws are used in both the microcosm and macrocosm.
With gyroscopic 90 degree torque and Ampere's laws, all free spinning (exactly identical) entities (scalar wave resonances) such as electrons, stars, galaxies and super clusters must repel each other.
The reason for this is that as soon as any polar to polar or side to side attraction is developed between any two exactly identical free spinning entities then EACH of these will develop a different 90 degree gyro torque,in relation to each other, which will twist each of these away from their most attractive positions in relation to each other.>
Absolute proof of this is that out of the millions of stars and galaxies, whose spin orientation we can ascertain, the closest sides of every star or galaxiy are moving like gears clashing (not meshing) with their nearest neighbor. . This tells you, according to Ampere, they have ended up in a position that repels their nearest neighbor.
Only binary stars that rotate around each other will have the slightest semblance of a non retrograde spin. . All other stars have a retrograde spin toward their closest neighbors.
There are about one hundred thousand million galaxies and about a hundred thousand million stars in each galaxy. . When NONE of these, of the ones we can see, violate Ampere's law then this, it seems to me, is absolute proof of not only Ampere's law but also of Einstein's repulsive force between all of the stars and galaxies.
Isn't the accumulative effect of all this, Einstein's original cosmological constant repulsive force equal and opposite to gravity thus now making gravity a bipolar force?
We end up also seeing that attractive force is only possible with things that are "locked" together and are traveling together on similar geodesic paths through their surroundings. So Ampere's Laws are relative motion laws depending on the surroundings (Mach's principle).
And that's the rest of the story that you can now add to what you already knew about gravity, which becomes a bipolar force now.
Remember it's the spacetime interval, or averagespace, that is being diminished by the 1st "A" Law and increased by the 2nd and this can be seen as simply more space than average (the same as it is seen in the tensor math of GR) or as a repulsive force.
Remember also that this spacetime (space and time) that is either created or diminished will be altogether different at different spin/orbit frequencies.
The reason that these "A" laws work is really impedance matching where a small portion of spherical, scalar, standing wave entities that are in phase create no space between themselves or an attractive force. Other small portions of spherical, scalar, standing wave entities that are out of phase do create space or a repulsive force between themselves.
So a tiny portion of these spinning spheres produce two vector resonances that are out of phase creating a repulsive force between themselves orspace. . . There is no space creation (or an attraction) between two in phase resonances. Our minds, therefore, see an average of space manufacture along with repulsive and attractive forces.
You can get all the details by clicking on the links for the fREE e-books at the beginning of this web page.
As you look at these laws, you can immediately see thatfor each single spin/orbit-frequency, this must indeed be a type of steady-state universe exactly as must be seen now that Perlmutter is explaining to us that Einstein's cosmological constant---a repelling force---is between each star, galaxy, super cluster, etc.
There may be no smallest particle. There may be no largest entity in this all resonance universe.
It may be that we are even far more insignificant than we now believe. . Each of these different frequency spin/orbit systems may exist like piano keys on a universe grand piano that has a keyboard of infinite length.
You must keep in mind that your world is only a few of these spin/orbit piano keys and that anywhere you go on this piano keyboard that the lower keys will "see" the higher keys performing much like we see our electrons performing.
What is most important here is that you understand that while the electrons transferring this quantum of energy may seem an immense distance apart, it is as if there is NO DISTANCE WHATSOEVER between the impedance matched portions of those two electrons because distance is really a frequency contrivance.
Space is not something that is simply there. . Space has to be constantly rebuilt the same as we have to be constantly rebuilt. When a spin up - spin down electron pair exchange energy, no matter how distant they may seem, the portions of the electrons exchange the energy as if there is NO DISTANCE between them.
Time is best seen as a scalar quantity but NOT space. . Space between two items is a vector, out of phase, spin frequency contrivance. . In an energy transfer where the two portions are in phase then energy is transferred as if there is no space between them..
Earlier I said, "QED (Quantum Electro Dynamics) deals with probabilities, yet it is able to predict with the highest accuracy of any theory. . If you keep reading then I'll show you exactly WHY that is so."
Now I'll show you WHY.
QED uses what is called the square of the amplitude (probability) to correctly determine the actual number of the aforementioned, resonating, bosonic, spin up - spin down electron pairs that are in the correct position and lined up exactly right, having the correct impedance, to transfer energy, in that path, to and from the points involved. But WHY is the square of the amplitude so important in QED? Because this is determined by mass and mass is caused by the quark whose scalar, resonance rate is the square of the electron's scalar, resonance rate. QED's square of the amplitude is derived because it is a direct match to the scalar, resonance rate of the quarks that cause inertial mass.
But WHY is the square of the amplitude so important in QED?
Because this is determined by mass and mass is caused by the quark whose scalar, resonance rate is the square of the electron's scalar, resonance rate.
QED's square of the amplitude is derived because it is a direct match to the scalar, resonance rate of the quarks that cause inertial mass.As of this writing (8/21/2005) we can suspect even those QED mathematicians, who can properly do the math for all this, are not fully aware of the reality stated above. . They are, believe it or not, like the Druid priests of Stonehenge who had worked out the methods to properly forecast eclipses but who did not know WHY their methods worked.
Here's a link to Charles Scott's e-book entitled"The Backside of the Universe". You can click this link http://www.rbduncan.com/scott.htm to get a commentary about C. Scott's revolutionary e-book.
After clicking the above link, you will find ared link to get Scott's entire e-book FREE.
Scott's book is important because it adds proof to the fact that it is all relative motion and string theory is correct and we do, in fact, have these different frequency dimensions.
We definitely do have our mind sensing these different frequency spacetime realms.
And these are the things that make us believe we see four different fundamental forces when there is really only one fundamental force that should be correctly viewed from a multiple viewpoint of various spacetime realms.
This takes us back to what Ampere discovered, that itall can be seen as relative motion and this is telling us Charles Scott' hypothesis is absolutely right.
Charles Scott's revolutionary e-book entitled"The Backside of the Universe" needs publicizing.
It is the forerunner of what Stephen Wolfram said we would someday arrive at:"A New Kind of Science".
This link Is there a more fundamental theory? - More than just strings ends with the following words:
Yes, this is a frequency or resonance universe much like that which Dr. Milo Wolff is portraying but our concepts of distances and time will be based entirely upon the spin/orbit frequencies of the particles from which we are constructed.
Even the spacetime interval will change with the change to another particle's spin/orbit frequency.
For instance, the spacetime interval represented by the constant c in our realm, of the electron, will change to the spacetime interval represented by the constant c2 in the realm of the quark. . Daniel P. Fitzpatrick Jr.