(Reprinted with permission from a letter to Norm)
Many skeptics are correct in their assumption that our peer group
- via their present methods - will not find a link between general
relativity and quantum mechanics.
The reason is this:
in physics, tenet that a complete knowledge of phenomena on
atomic dimensions requires a description of both wave and particle
properties. The principle was announced in 1928 by the Danish
Bohr. Depending on the experimental arrangement, the behaviour
of such phenomena as light and electrons is sometimes wavelike and
sometimes particle-like; i.e., such things have a wave-particle duality
(q.v.). It is impossible to observe both the wave and
particle aspects simultaneously. Together, however, they present a
fuller description than either of the two taken alone. (see also
In effect, the complementarity principle implies that phenomena
on the atomic and subatomic scale are not strictly like large-scale
particles or waves (e.g., billiard balls and water waves).
Such particle and wave characteristics in the same large-scale
phenomenon are incompatible rather than complementary. Knowledge of
a small-scale phenomenon, however, is essentially incomplete until
both aspects are known.
Copyright 1994-1998 Encyclopaedia Britannica
There is an actual REVERSAL between the way things work in
the microcosm and macrocosm - Milo
Wolff recently proved
In the microcosm it works like this:
De Broglie waves around a closed loop, such as would be
associated with electrons circling nuclei in atoms, can persist only
if the undulations fit evenly around the loop; otherwise they cancel
themselves out. This requirement causes the electrons in atoms to
select only particular configurations, or states, among the many
that would otherwise be available.
The response of the wave properties of a particle to an external
force follows a basic law of quantum mechanics that, in its
mathematical form, is known as the Schr÷dinger equation.
Copyright 1994-1998 Encyclopaedia Britannica
The de Broglie wavelength formula gets reversed. - This even troubled de Broglie:
In 1923, while still a graduate student at the University of
Paris, Louis de Broglie published a brief note in the journal
Comptes rendus containing an idea that was to revolutionize
our understanding of the physical world at the most fundamental
level. He had been troubled by a curious "contradiction" arising
from Einstein's special theory of relativity.
First, he assumed that there is always associated with a particle
of mass m a periodic internal phenomenon of frequency â [â,
rather than the traditional Greek letter "nu", is used here for
purposes of compatibility with web browsers]. For a particle at
rest, he equated the rest mass energy mc▓ to the energy of
the quantum of the electromagnetic field hâ. That is,
mc▓ = hâ
where h is Planck's constant and c is the speed
De Broglie noted that relativity theory predicts that, when such
a particle is set in motion, its total relativistic energy will
increase, tending to infinity as the speed of light is
approached. Likewise, the period of the internal phenomenon assumed
to be associated with the particle will also increase (due to time
dilation). Since period and frequency are inversely related, a
period increase is equivalent to a decrease of frequency and,
hence, of the energy given by the quantum relation hâ. It was this apparent incompatibility
between the tendency of the relativistic energy to increase and
the quantum energy to decrease that
troubled de Broglie.1
The de Broglie wavelength formula can never be removed from the
microcosm and actually gets
reversed out here and in the macrocosm.
(More massive things are related to lower frequencies - not
higher - out here and in the macrocosm)
For instance as an electron drops closer and closer to the
massive nucleus, the light it emits goes toward the blue wavelength.
In the macrocosm light from more massive areas goes toward the
Believe it or not, Norm, our quantum mechanics peers have
evidently still not caught on to this yet.
There are thousands of references on the net where quantum people
are equating higher massed items (out here) with a higher
All of this is pointed out in my Theory Of
Everything book --- you get a blue shift when approaching a
higher mass, not a red shift as in the macrocosm.
Also in my
Theory Of Everything book is the fact that you cannot take the
deBroglie wavelength formula out of the microcosm and apply it to
items in the macrocosm where exactly the reverse is true
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